Bronchitis, symptoms, a fever and a cough should arouse particular concern, because the pathology can develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or pneumonia.
Briefly about the disease.
When air enters our lungs, it first passes from the trachea into tubes that constitute the bronchial tree. At the entrance they are large in diameter, then becomes much thinner, and, finally, end with “sacks”, alveoli, take oxygen.
The cause of bronchitis is a viral or bacterial infection that settled in the Airways.
Bronchitis affects people of all ages, but young children and the elderly are most at risk, as well as patients and smokers.
Causes and symptoms
It is easy to see that you caught bronchitis, the symptoms of it:
coughing with mucus (sometimes it is more dry);
discomfort in the chest or pain (especially when coughing or deep breathing);
shortness of breath (during exhalation);
There are two forms of pathology: acute and chronic.
The acute form is more common, is characterized by short duration and, as a rule, it happens in the cold.
90% of episodes of acute pathology of viral origin.
The chronic form has a duration of more than three months, in most cases manifests on the background of tobacco Smoking.
If you often suffer from recurrent bronchitis, there is a reason to do the screening for latent disease:
There is a reason to consult a doctor if:
cough after flu or colds lasted;
when coughing bleeding or colorless mucus;
bothers difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.
Prevention and treatment of bronchitis
Hurry to the doctor if happened bronchitis, symptoms, treatment of this disease is very often neglected. Meanwhile, without the use of drugs and folk methods, the bacteria are able to multiply uncontrollably in the lungs, causing pneumonia.
First of all, if you are a smoker, you will have to give up the habit.
Avoid those who smoke passive Smoking is not less dangerous.
A specialist may recommend antibiotics, receiving mucolytics to thin the sputum, betamimetics (for bronchiectasis).
Useful oxygen therapy.
It is recommended that respiratory physiotherapy with postural drainage to stimulate a productive cough, it will help to remove the mucus.
Sometimes shows the use of diuretics and glycosides, to prevent the development of heart failure.
In case of severe complications resort to assisted ventilation via tracheal intubation.
Try to avoid irritation of the lungs: the smell of paint, detergents, coal, cement, etc.
Moisturize the air in any way to relieve the cough and expectoration of mucus from the respiratory tract.
Wash your hands often, especially during cold season.
Eat the onion. It contains quercetin, a compound from the family of bioflavonoids, which protect the lungs from infection.
Do inhalations, it helps clear the lungs.
Drink more. 8 glasses a day is a minimum for bronchitis.
The held about people’s treatment bronchitis