Medicine in Ancient Egypt
Traditionally, the ancient Greek art of healing is the “ancestor” of all modern medicine, however, Egyptian healers can be proud of the fact that their ancestors, the worshippers of the great gods of healing Tautou and ISIS, were teachers of famous Greek healers.
In Ancient Egypt it was quite well-developed art of healing
What the ancient Egyptians no equal to this day, is in the art of embalming, which originated from the fervent desire of people to preserve the shape of a loved one and to prevent inevitable after the death of his destruction of body tissues. Unfortunately, the miraculous recipes of ancient Egyptian balms now lost, and restore them there is no hope.
More than four thousand years ago the ancient Egyptians knew of what parts make up the human body, how to determine the sex of an unborn child, that they were able for the first time in medical practice to describe the brain (he has been compared to “a boiling copper”), to establish a close relationship between the brain and other parts of the body (were diagnosed paralysis when injuries to the head), to determine the leading role of the heart in human life, to find a remedy for wrinkles, create a prototype of the modern plaster — resin impregnated linen fabric, etc.
any disease, according to drevneegipetskaja, had either natural (pollution of the body by use of substandard or harmful food, the impact on the health of weather and climate, etc.) or supernatural causes, which included, in particular, an attack on an unsuspecting person of evil spirits. In order to get rid of natural ailments, ancient Egyptians, in particular, was invented the enema, and for exemption from uninvited guests from the world they were used in various magical potions, which consisted of mouse tails, animal urine and other not very pleasant substances.
Thanks discovered in the late nineteenth century at Thebes, the papyrus Abercom out of 108 sheets, humanity is absolutely, than it was treated by the ancient Egyptians and what components were a part of their miraculous potions. Ingredients for medicines served water, various vegetable oil, onion, grapes, fresh meat, Pb, milk, beer, clay, honey, antimony, poppy, Lotus, soda, iron, and many other plants and substances.
The training of future doctors took place either in special temple schools or in high schools (Houses of life), opened at the temple cities of SAIs and Heliopolis. Students were trained not only the art of healing, but also rhetoric, astronomy, calligraphy, style, mathematics and even the basics of magic. Upon graduation the young physician has begun the practical activities under the guidance of temple priests, who recommended the patient of a particular doctor and received a fee for the treatment.
By the way, the doctors of Ancient Egypt had no more than one specialty: having trained to be an ophthalmologist, the doctor could focus solely on healing the eye. In addition, regardless of the outcome of treatment, an ancient Egyptian physician was not subjected to any persecution. It is also worth noting that, when diagnosing, for example, wound as a treatable, hopeless or doubtful, the doctor was obliged to inform the patient truthfully.
Nowadays, thanks to modern Egyptian physicians and pharmacists, some ancient remedies found a second life and quite successfully help to cope with various diseases.