Methods of use medicinal plants in children
In childhood the best and most common ways of application of medicinal plants are enteral, external, inhalation.
The intake for children differs little from that in adults, but has its own characteristics. The optimal dosage forms — preparations (teas), tinctures and decoctions. The use of plants in the form of tea has more preventive than therapeutic orientation.
In the preparation of medicinal herbs for ingestion, it is advisable to pre-grind them to a powder, passing the plants through a meat grinder or the grinder. The particles should not be very small (1-3 mm in diameter). It should be remembered that in the preparation of powder appears the dust of plants, which can cause irritation of the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx, or the eye in children who are prone to allergies. Therefore, processing plants must be carried out in the absence of children and it is good to ventilate the room. Because crushed plant in 1.5—2 months start to lose their therapeutic properties, they do not try to make in large quantities. Store the powder necessary in a sealed jar in the refrigerator and before use to mix. When using the plant powder is the most effective and simple way to prepare yavlyaetsyato for 3 minutes with the subsequent insisting in heat within 2 hours.
Gargling and mouth in children of middle and older ages do not usually cause any difficulties. Children aged 3-4 years are also easily trained to this process, but the procedure should be carried out only in the presence of adults. Children under the age of 3 years instead of gargling it is possible to give to drink warm decoction or infusion in small SIPS or bury them in the nose (for 8-10 drops) so that they go down your throat. Effective only frequent rinsing (at least 5-6 times a day), and in acute periods every 1.5—2 hours.
In addition to aquatic forms, for the treatment of the nasopharynx medicinal plants can be used in the form of oil extracts or emulsions of an aqueous extract of herbs with vegetable oils, preferably olive, corn or sunflower refined light. Them buried in the nose or use to lubricate the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx.
Inhalations are one of the most effective methods of therapy of respiratory diseases. The ways of their carrying out depends on the age of the child. Older children inhalation can be done as an adult. However, the most effective is breathing into the “tent”. For young children this is the only way. Water bath prepared in the usual way. In a pot of water put a glass jar filled with water, placed in it the necessary plants (under jar you have to put a piece of cloth or a wooden lattice, so it does not touch the bottom of the pan). The pan is heated until then, until the water in a glass jar boils. “Tent” constructed from a piece of polyethylene or a Cape from a rain. Put it in a pan with a ready-made tincture for inhalation. A child put in a “tent” next to the pot, and little children are in his hands. “Tent” should have a relatively large volume and a gap for fresh air. This method provides not only a full inhalation, but a General and uniform heating of the child. To create the required amount of steam in the inhaled air amount of the decoction must be not less than 3-5 liters.
Rinsing children of any age is only boiled, the decoction strained thoroughly low concentration (no more than 1-3%). For each eye it is necessary to use a separate swab, and only once. One procedure requires 3-4 swab for each eye. It is better to use tampons of sterile bandage than cotton, as wool fibers can get into your eyes.