Coriander seed (cilantro)
The scientific name of the genus comes from the Greek words korios — bug and anison, anise. Local names: Calandra, cilantro, bug-infested, Calandra to help regain a loss kinji.
Herbaceous plant height of about 50 centimeters. Basal leaves on long petioles. Lower cauline ones short — petiolate, upper — sessile, vaginal. The flowers are white or pale pink, collected in small umbrellas. Petals directed from the center of the umbrella have a length of 5-6 mm, directed inwards – 1-3 mm.
Cilantro was brought from southern Europe and Asia Minor. Widely grown in Ukraine, in Central black earth region and South-Eastern regions of European Russia, in the North Caucasus. In wild form it is found in the Crimea, Central Asia, the Caucasus and South of European part of Russia.
The plant likes light, fertile soils with neutral or slightly acid reaction. On marshy, sour, clay soils that easily form a crust, does not grow well. Plants need moisture at different periods of growth and development varies. At the beginning of the growing season when the leaf surface is small, it requires a little moisture, but during the formation of the stem, in the period of intensive growth of vegetative mass and formation of the reproductive organs and this need is greatly increased. The greatest sensitivity to the lack of vlahov soil during the flowering period. Less is required at the time of ripening, when the umbrellas and the fruit has formed and natural drying of the plants. But an excess of moisture during the growing period is harmful to growth and development of coriander.
Seeds germinate under normal moisture and temperature of 4-6°. Grow slowly over a period of 20-25 days. The ability of coriander to germinate at low temperatures and resistance of seedlings to frosts cause early sowing dates in spring.
So throughout the summer to have green leaves should be sown in several dates, in two weeks. The ordinary sowing with distance between rows 45 cm seeding Depth 1 — 2 cm.
Coriander responsive to fertilizer. When sowing seeds in the ground in late April, the shoots appear in the end of the first decade of may. Flowering began in early July and ends in late July. The fruits ripen in the second decade of August. The duration of the vegetation period is 115-120 days.
Seed weight and number per kilogram depend on the variety and growing conditions. Coriander seeds after harvest have reduced germination, as are in a state of after-ripening. Their maturation lasts 4 — 6 months after harvest.
All parts of the plant are edible, but most often use fresh leaves (cilantro) and dried seeds. The roots of coriander are used in Thai dishes, they have a more intense flavor than the leaves.
For medicinal purposes harvested the seeds in August – September. They contain essential oil (up to 1.2%), fatty oil, a small amount of alkaloids. The composition of essential oil are linalool, pinene, terpinene, phellandrene, n-cymene, borneol, geraniol.
Coriander, like many spices, contains antioxidants. which delay or prevent the spoilage of food products. The plant has antibacterial properties.
In folk medicine, coriander is used to relieve anxiety and insomnia, as a diuretic, analgesic and carminative, in the treatment of diabetes reduces the level of cholesterol. Topically to treat acne use the juice.
bronchitis, improved appetite, a laxative:
3 teaspoons chopped coriander fruits pour 250 ml of boiling water insist 30 minutes, drain.
Usage: take 2 tablespoons 30 minutes before meals.
Coriander may cause allergic reactions in some people. Overdose drugs dangerous to stop breathing.